Guangzhou (Chinese: 广州;), known historically as Canton or Kwangchow, is the capital and largest city of the Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China. Located in southern China on the Pearl River, about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong, Guangzhou is a key national transportation hub and trading port and one of the five National Central Cities. It holds sub-provincial administrative status.
Guangzhou is the third largest city in China and southern China's largest city. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 12.78 million. Some estimates place the population of the entire Pearl River Delta Mega City built up area as high as 40 million including Shenzhen (10.36 million), Dongguan (8.22 million) and most parts of Foshan (7.19 million), Jiangmen (4.45 million), Zhongshan (3.12 million) and a small part of Huizhou adjoining Dongguan and Shenzhen, with an area of about 20,000 km2 (about the size of US state of New Jersey). In 2008 Guangzhou was identified as a Beta World City by the global city index produced by GaWC.
Guangzhou has many famous buildings such as:
Guangdong Olympic Stadium (广东奥林匹克体育场)
CITIC Plaza (中信广场)
Canton Tower (广州塔)
Guangzhou Opera House (广州大剧院)
Guangzhou TV Tower (广州电视塔)
Pearl River Tower (珠江大厦)
West Tower/Guangzhou International Finance Centre (西塔 or 广州国际金融中心)
For more details, please visit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guangzhou.